Monthly Archives: February 2014

A Week in the Word, February 23 – March 1: Jesus in Prophec

Theme: Jesus in Prophecy 

The critical issue regarding Jesus of Nazareth is whether or not He was, in reality, the Son of God.  If so, nothing matters more than Him; if not, He doesn’t matter at all.

Among the chief proofs of that genuine identity is that He is indeed the one who fulfills all the prophecy of the Old Testament regarding the coming Messiah.  Therefore, any adequate understanding of Jesus—even among believers of this present day—demands knowing the Jesus of prophecy.

It’s not possible in this abbreviated format to read all of those prophecies. The Old Testament prophecies fulfilled by Jesus have been numbered in excess of 300.  Besides, that’s only part of the story.  Also of interest—and part of our readings this week—are 1) how the Gospel writers (particularly Matthew) used this fact to build their case for Jesus’ identity, 2) Jesus’ own claims to this fact, and 3) how the apostles and others in the early church used the Old Testament (the Scriptures available to them) to show who Jesus truly was.

Consideration of this remarkable truth should serve to strengthen and deepen one’s faith.

Readings and Introductory Comments:

Isaiah 7:14; 9:6-7; 53
Isaiah is known as the “Messianic” prophet, owing to the number of prophecies about Jesus found in this remarkable book.  These are a few of the best known of these.

Luke 4:16-30; Isaiah 62:1-2
In Jesus’ hometown of Nazareth, during His first visit there during His ministry, while in a synagogue service He makes the alarming claim to be the fulfillment of one of Isaiah’s prophecies of the coming Messiah.  The reception of this claim was less than enthusiastic.

Luke 24:44; Deuteronomy 18:15-19; Psalm 22
When Jesus said that He fulfilled all that was written about Him “in the Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms” He was saying the entire Old Testament spoke of Him (as this was the typical 3-fold division of Hebrew Scripture).  We have already seen prophecies of Jesus from the Prophets (specifically Isaiah), here also are prophecies from the Law and Psalms.

Matthew 1:22-23; 2:5-6, 14-15, 17-18, 23; 3:3; 4:14-16; 5:17; 8:16-17; 12:15-21; 13:14-15, 34-35; 21:4-5; 26:56; 27:9-10
The life and ministry of Jesus was—as claimed over and over by Matthew—a matter of fulfillment of what the prophets had prophesied.  The most frequently quoted prophet by Matthew, as would be expected, is Isaiah, other fulfilled prophecies come from Micah, Hosea, Jeremiah, Zechariah, and the Psalms.

Acts 3:18-26; 7:35-37; 8:26-35; 10:34-43; 13:15-40; 15:15-18; 26:19-29
As the disciples began fulfilling Jesus’ commission to preach the gospel to every creature, they sought to show that Jesus of Nazareth was truly God’s Son, the prophesied Messiah.  Luke records the fact that in their preaching they relied heavily on message of the prophets to accomplish this task.  They were showing that the events surrounding Jesus were what “God foretold by the mouth of all the prophets.”

Study/Thought Questions

Isaiah 7:14
• In what way does Matthew say this prophecy was fulfilled? (Matt. 1:23)
Isaiah 9:6-7
• Upon whose throne would the coming Messiah sit? (v. 7)
Isaiah 53
• Would the coming Messiah be widely embraced and accepted? (v. 3)
• For what purpose was He pierced and crushed? (v. 5)
• What has the Lord laid upon Him? (v. 6)
Luke 4:16-30
• What did Jesus say the people in the synagogue witnessed? (v. 21)
• How well did these people know Jesus? (v. 22)
Isaiah 61:1-2
• In what kind of activities would the Messiah be engaged?
Luke 24:44
• To what does “the Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms” refer?
Deuteronomy 18:15-19
• Whom would the coming prophet be like and from among whom would He arise? (v. 18)
Psalm 22
• In what setting did Jesus quote from v. 1? (see Matt. 27:46)
• How does John say v. 18 was fulfilled? (see John 19:24)
Matthew 1:22-23
• What name is prophesied for the coming Messiah and what does it mean? (v. 23)
Matthew 2:5-6
• How were the chief priests and scribes able to answer Herod’s question as the to the        location of the birth of the Christ? (see  also vv. 3-4)
Matthew 2:14-15
• From where would God call His Son? (v. 15)
Matthew 3:3
• Who had prophesied a forerunner for the Messiah?
Matthew 4:14-16
• From what lands did the prophet say light would dawn and was fulfilled by Jesus’ move to Capernaeum?
Matthew 5:17
• What did Jesus come to do relative to the Law and the Prophets?
Matthew 8:16-17
• What was Jesus doing that was fulfilling Isaiah’s prophecy?
Matthew 12:15-21
• To whom would the Messiah make proclamation? (v. 18)
• How is the Messiah’s handling of the weak and helpless described? (v. 20)
Matthew 13:14-15
• For what aspect of Jesus’ ministry did He use Isaiah’s prophecy to explain? (see also v. 13)
Matthew 21:4-5
• In what role is the Messiah depicted in this prophecy?
Matthew 27:9-10
• To whom does Matthew attribute this prophecy?  Where does it appear to have come from?
Acts 3:18-26
• What had God foretold would happen to “his Christ”? (v. 18)
Acts 8:26-35
• From where in Isaiah was the Ethiopian reading? (vv. 32-33)
Acts10:34-43
• What about Jesus of Nazareth did “all the prophets” bear witness?  (v. 43)
Acts13:15-40
• By what means had God fulfilled what had been prophesied? (v. 33)
Acts 15:15-18
• From prophet does James say that salvation coming the Gentiles fulfills? (vv. 16-18)
Acts 26:19-29
• Whose words does Paul say that Jesus’ suffering fulfills? (vv. 22-23)

Meditation Thoughts:

  • Is it a viable approach today to prove the identity of Jesus exclusively from Old Testament Scripture?
  • How important is the role of fulfilled prophecy in establishing the validity of the Christian faith?
  • Matthew extensively relies on fulfilled prophecy to establish his case for Jesus’ identity as God’s Son.  This is one of many reasons why the Gospel of Matthew is understood to have been originally written for a Jewish audience (ones who acknowledge the authority of Old Testament Scripture).  What other evidences might be used to show that Jesus is God’s Son, particularly with ones who do not view the Bible as authoritative?

Memory Verse:

“Then he said to the, ‘These are my words that I spoke to you while I was still with you, that everything written about me in the Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms must be fulfilled.’” (Luke 24:44)

A Week in the Word, February 16-22

Theme: God—Sovereign Lord 

What does it mean that God is sovereign Lord?  It means “the supremacy of God, the kingship of God, the god-hood of God. To say that God is Sovereign is to declare that God is God. To say that God is Sovereign is to declare that He is the Most High, doing according to His will…” (A. W. Pink, The Sovereignty of God, chpt. 1).

The dictionary definitions of sovereign consistently speak of authority, supreme and absolute.  The notion of sovereignty encompasses other characteristics and roles of God, things such as Creator, King, Lord, and so forth.  There is, necessarily, overlap in the consideration of these.  For instance, the fact that He is sovereign is tied directly to the fact that He is Creator, which also places Him in the position of ruler, that is, King (for which “sovereign” is a synonym).  We have, in our first look a the theme of God (January 5-11), emphasized His role as creator.  We will later emphasize His place as King.

Rare are the extended discussions of God’s sovereignty in the Bible.  Numerous are the the brief statements and references to that reality.  Just as God’s existence is assumed—and so the Bible begins, “In the beginning God…”, with no effort or attempt to explain or even introduce Him—so also is His sovereignty.

But His sovereignty is, as Pink said above, what makes God, God.

Readings and Introductory Comments:

Exodus 33:12-23; 1 Chronicles 29:10-15; Daniel 4:34-35

As should be expected, individuals privileged to encounter God in unique ways came away quite impressed with the Lord’s sovereignty.  It is true of Moses when he desired to  see and know God at Mt. Sinai (Ex. 33:12-23).  It was also true of David as He prayed very near the end of his reign and Solomon’s ascension to the throne (1 Chron. 29:10-15).  It was even true of the pagan king of Babylon, Nebuchadnezzar, whom God taught a very hard lesson in response to the king’s pride (Dan. 4:34-35).

Psalm 24; 115; 135
Of no surprise at all is the fact that the Psalms repeatedly extol God for His sovereignty in all its manifestations.  He is “over” all the earth (Psa. 24).  He does whatever He pleases (Psa. 115:3; 135:6).   Many other Psalms (which we’ll save for later readings) speak to His ownership of all creation and rule over it as well as all nations.

Isaiah 40; 45:1-25; 46:5-13; Jeremiah 18:1-11
Much of the effort of the great prophets was an attempt to lead God’s people away from idolatrous worship of impotent deities back to God.  The proposition was ludicrous to even consider; reject the sovereign Lord of the universe and bow before the creations of men’s hands and minds?  Further, a favorite analogy of the relationship was the potter and the clay, a perfect picture of God’s sovereign will and control.

Romans 9:6-33; 11:33-36; Ephesians 1:3-14
The ultimate manifestation of God sovereignty is the salvation offered to mankind.  It is because of His sovereign will that such is even possible.  It’s not the will or the work of man that produces this greatest of all blessings.  Further, for those Jews who struggled with the concept of salvation universally available—that is to Gentiles as well as Jews—it is God’s sovereign choice to which Paul appeals to establish this vital truth.

Study/Thought Questions

Exodus 33:12-23

  • In what way did Moses believe he would be able to know God? (v. 13)’
  • Upon what basis will God’s grace and mercy be shown? (v. 19)

 

1 Chronicles 29:10-15

  • What belongs to God? (v. 11)
  • What exalted place does God hold? (v. 11)
  • What is in God’s hand? (v. 12)

 

Daniel 4:34-35

  • What question cannot be asked of God? (v. 35)

 

Psalm 24

  • What implication does God’s sovereignty have on man (vv. 3-6)

Psalm 115

  • To whom does glory belong?  To whom does it not belong? (v. 1)
  • What does God do? (v. 3)

Psalm 135

  • What does God do? (v. 6)
  • How does God compare to idols? (vv. 15-18)

Isaiah 40

  • How do men strengthen their idols? (v. 7)  How are men strengthened? (v. 10)
  • What pains must men take for their idols? (v. 20)  How does this compare with God? (v. 22)
  • What do  you learn about God from v. 28?

Isaiah 45:1-25

  • What assertion is repeated in vv. 5, 18, 21, 22 (and in 46:9)?
  • Upon whom is woe pronounced? (v. 9)
  •  By whom does God swear? (v. 23)  Why? (see Heb. 6:13)

Isaiah 46:5-13

  • God is not only sovereign over creation and men, but what else? (v. 10)

Jeremiah 18:1-11

  • What is the analogy here demonstrating our relationship to God and His to us? (see also Isaiah 29:16 and 64:8)

Romans 9:6-33

  • Who are counted as God’s offspring? (v. 8)
  • At what point did God choose Jacob over Esau? (v. 11)
  • To what end has God exercised His sovereignty? (v. 23)

Romans 11:33-36

  • What is beyond our comprehension? (v. 33)
  • What is the answer to the questions Paul asks in vv. 34-35?

Ephesians 1:3-14

  • When was it determined that we should be holy and blameless? (v. 4)
  • To what were we predestined? (v. 5)
  • What has been made known to us? (v. 9)
  • God works all things in accordance with what? (v. 11)

Meditation Thoughts:

  • Since God is sovereign, possessing supreme authority, does that mean He also dictates and predetermines everything that happens (big and small)?  How would you defend your answer?
  • Can we comprehend and understand all God’s judgments and all His ways? (Rom. 11:33)  How will I handle Gods actions and judgments that don’t mesh with my own thinking and understanding?
  • “Is there injustice on God’s part?” since He chose Jacob over Esau before they were even born? (Rom. 9:10-14)
  • What does it mean that God predestined us and chose us? (Eph. 1)

Memory Verse:

“Yours, O Lord, is the greatness and the power and the glory and the victory and the majesty, for all that is in the heavens and in the earth is yours.  Yours is the kingdom, O Lord, and you are exalted as head above all.” (1 Chron. 29:11)

Not Knowing

We all want to be “in the know.” Such is our preferred state of being.

Whether that means we have the intellect or necessary knowledge, or it’s that we’re an “insider” privy to exclusive information, or perhaps we possess a discernment that rightly assesses the events and circumstances around us.

There’s a degree of power that accompanies this situation.  We have confidence and a sense of assurance, even a certain level of control.  We are at an advantage over others not so blessed.

And of course, the alternative is to be ignorant, imperceptive, disconnected and vulnerable—undesirable characteristics all.

Being “in the know” is preferable to being out.

Abraham was not.

The Bible’s admiration for this man focused, in part, on his not knowing. “By faith Abraham…went out, not knowing  where he was going” (Heb. 11:8).

For some this would be the very definition of foolish and foolhardy.

Such would have been true for Abraham had it not been for what…he knew; or more precisely, whom he knew. Abraham knew God. That’s all He needed to know. Where he went and what he pursued was prepared by God (Heb. 11:13-16). Like his wife, he counted as faithful the one who had promised (Heb. 11:11).  Power and control were no concern of his for they belonged to God.

Abraham didn’t have to know, because he knew.

–David Deffenbaugh

For “A Week in the Word” February 9-15, Theme–Biographical: Abraham CLICK HERE

A Week in the Word, February 9-15

Theme: Biographical—Abraham 

One of the great benefits of the Bible is its historical records of men and women of faith.  We are allowed peer into the lives of these people through whom God chose to work.  And surely no biblical figure can be said to play any greater role in the story of our faith than Abraham.

How incredible that in the New Testament the discussion genuine faith repeatedly calls upon Abraham as an example, even the greatest example.  Most of our readings this week will cover most of the historical record of Abraham’s life from Genesis.  We will not, though, read all of the New Testament passages referencing Abraham as an example of faith as some of these will be part of reading when we return to the Christian Living theme and emphasize faith.

Readings and Introductory Comments:

Genesis 12:1-9 Abraham’s call
Genesis 12:10-20 Abraham and Sarah in Egypt
Genesis 13:1-14:24 Abraham and Lot
Genesis 15:1-21 God’s covenant with Abraham
Genesis 16:1-16 Sarah and Hagar
Genesis 17:1-27 Covenant and circumcision
Genesis 18:1-33 God appears to Abraham who intercedes for Sodom
Genesis 20:1-18 Abraham and Abimelech
Genesis 21:1-7 Birth of Isaac
Genesis 21:8-21 Hagar and Ishmael expelled
Genesis 21:22-34 Abraham’s covenant with Abimelech
Genesis 22:1-24 Sacrifice of Isaac
Genesis 23:1-20 Death of Sarah
Genesis 24:1-67 Isaac and Rebekah
Genesis 25:1-11 Death of Abraham

The Old Testament record of Abraham is foundational to the entire Biblical record.  As Genesis 1-11 sets the stage by revealing the origin of all things—the heavens and earth, man, as well as sin—so, starting with the call of Abraham (Gen. 12:1-3) the record of God’s work that will ultimately culminate in Jesus begins.  Even though we see historically this work of God beginning with Abraham, His plan for man’s salvation had been in place even before creation (Eph. 1:4; 1 Pet. 1:20).

Abraham’s story is most remarkable as this man repeatedly demonstrates his ultimate trust in God.  It is with good reason that New Testament writers can find no better example of faith than Abraham.  That, though, does not mean he was perfect.  As is always the case, the Bible also reveals cracks in the armor of even it’s greatest heroes.  These are men, mere men, through whom God works.

Romans 4:1-25; Galatians 3:1-29; Hebrews 11:8-19

Abraham is repeatedly presented as the supreme biblical example of faith, so much so that he is called the father of those who are of faith (Rom. 4:16; Gal. 3:7). Appeals are made to his response to God’s call, the conception and birth of Isaac and the sacrifice of the promised son.  Not only that, but as Abraham was reckoned as righteous based on his response to God’s promises and that many years prior to the giving of the Law, so also our own righteousness is not based on keeping God’s law but our response in faith to His promises.

Study/Thought Questions

Genesis 12:1-9

  • Where was Abraham when God called him? (see Acts 7:2)
  • How does Paul describe the promise to Abraham that through him all families of the earth will be blessed? (v. 3 and Gal. 3:8)

Genesis 12:10-20

  • Whom did Abraham tell the Egyptians Sarah was? (Gen. 12:13) Was this true? (see 20:12)

Genesis 13:1-14:24

  • What did Abraham do for a second time between Bethel and Ai? (v. 4; see 12:8)

Genesis 15:1-21

  • What future event did God prophesy to Abraham? (vv. 13-14)

Genesis 16:1-16

  • How old was Abraham when Ishmael was born? (v. 16)  How old was he when the promise had first been made that he and Sarah would have a child? (12:4)

Genesis 17:1-27

  • What was the sign God gave of His covenant with Abraham? (vv. 10-11)
  • What important change happened at this time? (v. 5)

Genesis 18:1-33

  • How did God appear to Abraham by the oaks of Mamre? (vv. 1-2)
  • How old were Abraham and Sarah when the promise of a child was repeated to him? (v. 17)

Genesis 20:1-18

  • What was Abraham identified as to Abimlech by God? (v. 7)

Genesis 21:1-7

  • How old was Abraham when Isaac was born? (v. 5)

Genesis 21:8-21

  • What did Ishmael do that upset Sarah? (v. 9)

Genesis 21:22-34

  • With what people was Abimelech associated? (v. 32)
  • What did Abraham do for a third time at Beersheba? (v. 33)

Genesis 22:1-24

  • What did God do to Abraham? (v. 1)
  • As a result of Abraham’s actions, what did God conclude about him? (v. 12)

Genesis 23:1-20

  • What arrangements did Abraham make for Sarah’s burial?

Genesis 24:1-67

  • From among whom did Abraham’s servant have to swear he would not select a wife for Isaac? (v. 3)

Genesis 25:1-11

  • How old was Abraham when he died? (v. 7)

Romans 4:1-25

  • The promise made to Abraham and his descendants was not through the Law, but through what? (v. 13)

Galatians 3:1-29

  • Who are considered to be sons of Abraham? (v. 7)

Hebrews 11:8-19

  • What did Abraham and Sarah (among others) consider themselves to be? (v. 13)

 Meditation Thoughts:

  • Why is the mysterious Melchizedek—introduced in Gen. 14:17-24—such an important biblical figure? (see Hebrews 5:7-10; 6:19-28)
  • How early did God have the salvation of all men in mind? (Gal. 3:8)
  • Despite evidence to the contrary (Rom. 4:19), how did Abraham proceed with regard to the promise of God that he would have a child? (vv. 20-22)  Do any of God’s promises seem impossible to me?  How ought I to proceed relative to those promises?
  • Abraham showed that he held nothing back from God when he was willing to sacrifice Isaac.  Is there anything I would not willingly “sacrifice” to God?

Memory Verse:

“By faith Abraham obeyed when he was called to go out to a place that he was to receive as an inheritance.  And he went out, not knowing where he was going.” (Hebrews 11:8)

A Week in the Word, February 2-8

Theme: Bible Themes—Sin & Forgiveness

This is what the Bible is all about.  The “Golden Text” of Scripture, John 3:16, tells of the magnitude of God’s great love in sending His Son to earth to provide the opportunity for salvation to humanity.  It’s simply impossible to overstate the seriousness of the sin problem and the magnificence of the salvation solution.

Immediately following the grand revelation of creation (Gen. 1-2), the issue of sin and forgiveness takes center stage. From this point forward the focus of the Bible is on what God is going to do to resolve this greatest of concerns.

Since this is such a fundamental and foundational theme of the Bible numerous other themes are intertwined with it; redemption, justification, grace and so on.  As a matter fact everything in the Bible ties in, one way or another, to the business of sin and forgiveness.  It is therefore necessary for us to be selective in our readings for this week.  Later in the year when we return to the theme “Bible Themes” we will touch on more specific aspects (such as those listed above) of this broad topic.  Readings not included this week—that the reader will no doubt think of—will in all likelihood be covered in those future week’s readings.

Readings and Introductory Comments

Genesis 3; 4:1-16; 6:1-8
Not only are the earliest chapters of the Bible concerned with the revelation of origins, that is, answering the question, “Where did everything, included man, come from?”, they are concerned with setting the stage for the reason for the rest of the Bible.  Why is this lengthy, drawn-out, historically expansive account provided and what is it’s point?

So, much attention is given to the introduction of sin into God’s good creation.  It’s devastating effects, its quick universal spread and its critical spiritual implications are addressed very early in the Bible  Three key accounts are those of sin’s initial introduction into the Garden of Eden (Gen. 3), its grave divisiveness and destructive impact on the inaugural family (Gen. 4:1-16), and its pervasive spread and the demand for a divine response (Gen. 6:1-8).

Psalms 32, 51
These two Psalms give beautiful and emotional expression to the sinner’s struggle with sin’s damning impact and the nearly inexpressible joy of finding forgiveness.  It is believed that at least one (51) and perhaps both of these Psalms were prompted by David’s experience in his infamous sin with Bathsheba.

Isaiah 1:16-20; Ezekiel 18:1-9
As expected, the prophets address the issue of God’s people’s sin.  Prophets, by the very nature of their work, were called upon to convict the people of God of their spiritual failings, that is their failure to keep up their end of the covenant relationship with God.

Isaiah depicts the whole sin and forgiveness issue with his famous analogy of sin red as scarlet being cleansed to become white as snow.   Ezekiel attacks the common misperception of being able to dodge personal responsibility for sin.

Matthew 6:11-15; 18:21-35
Jesus not only offered forgiveness for sin, but also taught the vital yet hard-to-embrace truth that our being forgiven is directly tied to our willingness to forgive others.  That is the thought that carries over and is highlighted from his teaching on prayer from the Sermon on the Mount—commonly, but erroneously called “the Lord’s Prayer.

Jesus also tackles the difficult question of frequency of forgiveness.  His instruction is in response to Peter’s question about how often one ought to forgive.

Luke 7:36-50; 15:11-32
Two of Jesus’ parables hit very forcefully on the notions of sin and forgiveness.  God’s willingness to forgive our sinfulness is astounding and the parables of the Prodigal Son and the Two Debtors strike emotionally a the heart of this issue.

Romans 1:16-32; 3:9-31; 5:6-11
No theological topic is of greater import than that of man’s sin and God’s willingness to forgive.  Exactly how that works is at the same time simple and beyond comprehension.  This is a subject matter concerning which many false ideas have ben suggested and believed.  Nowhere in Scripture are the deep spiritual implications of sin and God’s answer to that problem addressed more completely than in Paul’s letter to Rome.

Study/Thought Questions

1) Genesis 3; 4:1-16; 6:1-8

  • On what did the Serpent focus regarding all that God had said? (3:1)
  • Was there anything “good” about the tree Adam and Eve were forbidden to eat from? (3:6)
  • What was Adam and Eve’s response to God’s presence in the garden following their sin? (3:10)
  • What was Cain’s emotional reaction to God’s rejection of his own sacrifice? (4:5)
  • What did God tell Cain he must do in response to this emotional state? (4:7)
  • To what extent had sin impacted mankind at the time of Noah? (6:5)
  • What were God’s feelings for having created man? (6:4)

2) Psalms 32, 51

  • What are the three words for “sin” in 32:1-2? and in 51:1-2?  What are the three words for forgiveness in the same texts?
  • What helped to relieve the anxiety over sin? (32:3-5
  • Against whom did David say he’d sinned? (51:4)
  • What sacrifice does God accept? (51:17)

3) Isaiah 1:16-20; Ezekiel 18:1-9

  • What sorts of activities and concerns were those who would cleanse themselves to be engaged? (Isa. 1:16-17)
  • How complete is the forgiveness God provides? (Isa. 1:18)
  • What proverb was commonly being use to avert personal responsibility for sin? (Ezek. 18:2)
  • What must a righteous man do? (Ezek. 18:5)

4) Matthew 6:11-15; 18:21-35

  • Upon what condition will we be forgiven our trespasses by our heavenly Father? (6:14)
  • What is the origin of the forgiveness we should give to our brother? (18:35)
  • What will the heavenly Father do to us if we do not forgive? (18:35)

5) Luke 7:36-50; 15:11-32

  • What did Simon believe Jesus’ attitude should have been toward the woman who washed Jesus’ feet with her tears? (7:39)
  • What did the woman’s love for Jesus prompt her to do? (7:44-47)
  • What were the father’s actions toward the son who requested (early) his inheritance? (15:12)
  • Where was the boy when his father first saw him upon his return? (15:20)
  • What were father’s actions upon seeing his son? (15:20)
  • What was the older son’s attitude toward his father’s reception of his brother? (15:28-32)

6) Romans 1:16-32; 3:9-31; 5:6-11

  • Upon whom is the wrath of God revealed? (1:18)
  • What is the starting point of the downward spiral that ends in gross immorality? (1:21)
  • What act, in addition to committing unrighteous deeds, is also condemned? (1:32)
  • Who is righteous? (3:10-18)
  • Through what is the righteousness of God revealed? (3:21-22)
  • By and through what is justification possible? (3:22)
  • By offering salvation through Jesus it allows God to be two things, what are they? (3:26)
  • What were (are) we apart from Jesus? (5:6, 8, 10)
  • In what way has God demonstrated His love for us? (5:8)

Meditation Thoughts:

  • If all God made was very good (Gen. 1:31), by what means was sin able to enter amidst this goodness?
  • What sins are “crouching at the door” in my life that I must “rule over”? (Gen. 4:7)
  • How does David take “ownership” of his sin?  Have I done the same? (Psa. 51:1-3-6)
  • Does Jesus teach that some people have a greater capacity to love God? (Luke 6:41-43, 47)  If so, who are these people?
  • What is said three times of God’s attitude/action toward those who rejected Him (1:24, 26, 28)
  • For what person is God both just and justifier? (Rom. 3:26)  In what way will no one be justified? (3:20)  What does this mean for my response to God for salvation?

Memory Verse:

“But God shows his live for us in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us.  Since, therefore, we have now been justified by his blood, much more shall we be saved by him from the wrath of God” (Rom. 5:8-9; ESV)