Reading: Psalm 69, 135
Summary: Despite the attribution of Psalm 69 to David, some have concluded this Psalm is from the time following the Babylonian captivity. It is believed vv. 35-36 date the Psalm to this time period. Remember, the inscriptions at the heading of the Psalms (not all contain these inscriptions) though quite old, are not a part of the inspired text.
Psalm 135 is thought, by some, to be dated later than David due to the similarity of language between this Psalm and portions of Jeremiah. Following the exile, it was clear that the prophet had been exactly right about the fate that he said would befall God’s people. So, his words were borrowed (so the theory goes) as this Psalm reflects on God’s great acts.
Where Did That Come From?
Psalm 69 may have a familiar sound to it for New Testament readers. That’s with good reason. No less than six different texts from this Psalm are quoted in various places in the New Testament: verse 9a in John 2:17; verse 9b in Romans 15:3; verse 21 in John 19:28-29 (and parallels in Matthew 27:34; Mark 15:36; Luke 23:36); verses 23-24 in Rom. 11:9-10; and verse 25 in Acts 1:20.
These verses are used in reference to Jesus’ emotion when cleansing the temple, the hatred His followers would experience, His thirst on the cross, the death of Judas Iscariot, people’s acceptance or rejection of the gospel, and the fact that a Christian’s priority ought to be pleasing others rather than self–all from this one Psalm.
Here’s an important point—a single passage of Scripture may very well have more than one application. We’ve probably all experienced this on a practical level. A Scripture which has had meaning to us previously, then, due to some new or different circumstance in our lives suddenly it takes on significance in a whole new way.
This is not to say that the Bible’s meaning changes from situation to situation. Instead, its application in our lives very well may change.
This is all part of the fact that “the word of God is living and active, sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing to the division of soul and of spirit, of joints and of marrow, and discerning the thoughts and intentions of the heart” (Heb. 4:12).
God’s word doesn’t change, but we do. No matter how we may change or what may come into our life, we will never become anything for which God’s word does not apply. And, as we change—which we all inevitably do—the Bible remains ever new. Consequently, the I’ve-read-that-before excuse never applies to Scripture.
Never stop reading your Bible!